woensdag 31 maart 2010


dinsdag 30 maart 2010

3.500 jaar oude deur blootgelegd

Archeologen hebben in de zuidelijke stad Luxor een 3.500 jaar oude met inscripties getooide roodgranieten deur blootgelegd. Op de massieve deur staan religieuze teksten in hiëroglyfen. Ze sloot indertijd het graf van koninklijk adviseur User en zijn vrouw Toy, aldus Mansoer Boraik, het hoofd van het Egyptisch opgravingsteam.
Niettegenstaande User een belangrijke adviseur was van koningin Hatshepsut, is de deur van zijn graf weggenomen om deel te worden van een muur van de fameuze Karnak-tempel tijdens de Romeinse periode, meer dan 1.000 jaar na zijn dood.
Voor geschiedkundigen gold Hatshepsut als één van de meest succesvolle keizerinnen.
Tijdens het leeuwendeel van haar 22-jarig durend bewind kende Egypte vrede.
Zo kon ze ook handelsroutes uitbouwen die de schatkist vulden waardoor de bouw mogelijk werd van monumenten en gebouwen die nu stromen toeristen aanlokken.

zondag 28 maart 2010

Verdwenen gebouwen in Luxor

Amenhotep III

In de Egyptische stad Luxor zijn twee grote roodgranieten beelden gevonden in de dodentempel van Amenhotep III. Dat zegt de Egyptische minister van Cultuur.
Bij opgravingen werd een vier meter hoog beeld van Thoth, de god van de wijsheid, gevonden en het bovenste deel van een beeld van de farao zelf. Amenhotep III was 3400 jaar geleden een machtige farao in Egypte. Het rijk was toen op zijn hoogtepunt en liep van Griekenland tot Jemen. Hij was de grootvader van Toetanchamon. Recent werd bij de opgravingen al een kolossaal granieten hoofd van Amenhotep III gevonden.
Beide beelden lagen begraven in het mortuarium van de farao bij de Kolossen van Memnon, twintig meter hoge standbeelden van Amenhotep, aan de oever van de Nijl. Die tempel werd in het verleden grotendeels verwoest, waarschijnlijk door overstromingen van de Nijl. Archeologen vonden vorig jaar al twee zwarte granieten beelden en hebben sindsdien al verschillende kunstvoorwerpen en standbeelden gevonden.

donderdag 25 maart 2010

Tempel van Luxor met de twee witte huizen


De Souq in aanbouw

maandag 22 maart 2010

donderdag 18 maart 2010

woensdag 17 maart 2010

Luxor verandert

                                                             Police station, Jamboree etc have gone.

Mosque, Mina Palace and government buildings are going.
Parts of the centre of Luxor are in a bit of a mess at the moment! Since October 2005 the town has been undergoing some massive changes. The changes are part of the grand plan of Dr. Samir Farag, president of the Supreme Council of Luxor. The plan is to restore the ancient link between Luxor and Karnak temples, to clear the skyline along both banks, so that ancient monuments are easily visible across the river and to improve the road network.

Linking Luxor and Karnak Temples
A controversial part of the plan is to restore the 3km long road connecting Luxor with Karnak. The road is clearing a 60 meter wide open space between the temples, involving the demolition of huge numbers of buildings, mostly residential but also including the town centre police station and even a mosque.

Paving on the station side of Luxor temple

Progress is very evident. When you come from the airport you can see part of the new causeway as you go over a bridge coming into Luxor town. There are also open areas, especially to the north of the temple, where buildings have been cleared. The area on the station side of the temple itself is much tidier and largely paved, including a large decoratively paved area between the temple and the road to the station.

Clearing the vista

Buildings have already been cleared on the Nile side of Karnak temple, so the temple is visible from the west bank and Hatshepsut's temple is visible from Karnak. This has opened up the view of Karnak temple from the road along the Nile.
Buildings have been demolished in front of Luxor Temple, including the pair of old colonial style government buildings, the Mina Palace Hotel, the small shops and the old Jamboree restaurant.

Station Road (see the central Luxor map) has been widened. Shops have been demolished along its length and some new ones built further back from the road's edge. From the station there is now a clear view to the temple complex. The station itself has been redeveloped. The kiosk near McDonald's and the clock tower in the roundabout near the entrance to the Old Market have gone. The roundabout has been rebuilt and paved.

The road to the east of the station, once a busy, narrow road, has been doubled in width and is now a dual carriageway.

New Winter Palace has gone.
The front block of the New Winter Palace has been demolished. The rear (Pavilion) block is still open and is accessed via the Old Winter Palace. The grounds at the back are all in use as normal. The New Winter Palace is being replaced with a low-rise hotel
New Coptic Church

In contrast to the clearance of the skyline along the edge of the Nile, a new double-bell-tower coptic christian church is being built near the railway crossing to the north of the station, which can easily be seen from many parts of the east and west banks. Apparently the church is being funded by the owners of two hotels, including the owner of the Sonesta.

The old tourist shops near the temple and restaurants, such as Amoun's, have moved to the new 3 storey Savoy centre near the Mercure hotel, which has also replaced the arcade that used to be there.

Old Market Street has been dug up and arches and trellises have been erected. Cars, horse carriages and other vehicles are no longer allowed through Old Market Street. At the southern entrance to Old Market Street (the tourist end) an arch announcing the market has been built. The market is still quieter than the old one, partly because caleche drivers can no longer drive through, so they try to convince tourists that the market is closed and to go to a 'local market' instead. The market is not closed - ignore anyone who says it is.


There is no change (yet) on the East Bank side, but the National Ferry terminal on the West Bank is being redeveloped and will be moved slightly. The taxi car park is being converted into a park. New National Ferry boats are operating.


There is a plan to build a marina on the West Bank.


Work is going on elsewhere in the town as well, so getting around can be very hazardous in places. Roads are not closed when work is going on. Cars vie with steam rollers for space on the road even whilst under construction.

News about hotels

The Marhaba shopping centre, next to the site of the New Winter Palace is due to be demolished. It is supposed to be joined with the site of the (now demolished) New Winter Palace. A new lower-rise hotel, possibly run by the Four Seasons group, will be built there.

Between the Sonesta and the Lotus hotels, the old public swimming pool is being demolished. The land is owned by the Sonesta.

The Mercure Inn was operated by Swiss Inn for a while, but it has now closed, pending redevelopment.

The Hilton hotel, which had been closed since October 2005, has reopened after substantial refurbishment. It is positioned at the luxury end of the hotel market with better Nile views, separate group booking-in arrangements, a lounge apart from the reception, a separate spa area and very high prices.

The enlargement of the Sonesta hotel, by building upwards, has been going on for ages and is still not complete. The hotel has remained open throughout. Some people have said the building work is not a problem, others have complained that it is a nuisance and have asked to be moved.

The Sheraton is being renovated a section at a time whilst the remainder of the hotel remains occupied.


24-year-old Egyptian Amina K designs

Amina K collections are a bold and vibrant pastiche taking catwalks from Cairo to London in new directions, Amina Khalil, the 24-year-old designer behind the boutique label, doesn’t look far to find inspiration.
“I’ve always loved Egyptian styles and fabrics. There is so much we have here in Egypt that no one is aware of — and someone needs to bring it out,” says Khalil. By combining elements of classic Egyptian fashion with a modern approach, she is creating haute couture with a uniquely homespun flair.
What sets Khalil apart from the crowd is her mix of textiles, all of which hail from home. Kheyameya (a fabric used to make tents), silk and wool all find their way into her innovative collections. The results are intricate compositions pushing the boundaries of design in both the East and West.
Take the conventional galabeyya for example. Galabeyyas are usually cut from a single cloth, with little style beyond some embroidering. Known more for practicality and comfort, galabeyyas tend not to be flattering.
But a galabeyya designed by Khalil, which combines floral, striped or Islamic patterns and an array of materials achieves a sense of depth and complexity that belies the galabeyya’s humble origins.
It is this depth, along with the quality of the cuts, that makes her clothes so popular. By exploiting her designs’ versatility, customers are able to essentially create their own unique styles with clothes from her collections.
Amina K designs combine catwalk couture with traditional Egyptian designs.
With many traditional Egyptian patterns in her designs, Khalil’s work seems a natural transition from Cairene culture to high fashion. But that doesn’t mean it happened overnight. The garments that Khalil produces today are the result of her dedication since childhood. Before she was even a teenager, Khalil knew the path she was going to be on.
“I always liked [designing] and I guess my parents saw it, and they supported me. It wasn’t a shock for them to know that I wanted to be in fashion, they always knew that this is what I wanted to do,” she says.
Passion from an early age gave her experience and an edge on her peers, eventually leading her to England. It was there that her dream of becoming a designer turned into a reality. Her initial designs and use of traditional prints captured the attention of London’s fashion elite.
Khalil would occasionally transform her home into an underground showcase for the city’s fashionistas. But after studying fashion design and marketing in London at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design and the American Continental University, where she produced a thesis on the commercialization of Egyptian style and fabrics, Khalil has come back to her roots.
Her work is now carried in shops from Beirut to the Gulf, but, like the inspiration behind her clothes, Khalil wants to bring the focus back to Egypt. Having pieces sold throughout the region gives her a chance to display the heritage that she is proud of. “Egyptian style is different than the Arab style,” says Khalil. “I wanted to show that it is not the same as Lebanese, it is not the same as Moroccan.” She is currently working towards opening a storefront of her own on Mohandiseen.


Wat is dit lelijk geworden
Ik herinner me nog goed hoe het er eerder uitzag.
Het leuke restaurant
 de kleine souq
de huizen
Hotel Mena Palace

zaterdag 13 maart 2010

Inwoners van Luxor

Sfinxen allee

Over 3 dagen is de opening
van het eerste deel van de
sfinxenlaan gepland.

maandag 8 maart 2010

Deir el-Medina

In order to understand the North Village better, after work yesterday, we took a field trip to see Deir el-Medina, another village for workmen of the New Kingdom that is just north of Malqata. Deir el-Medina, however, is much larger and better preserved than our site. It was home to the artisans who built and decorated the tombs in the Valley of the Kings, and was called Set Maat -”The Place of Truth.” The village and its surrounding cemeteries were excavated by the French Archaeological Institute under the direction of Bernard Bruyère from 1922 to1951. More recently Domonique Valbelle and Charles Bonnet re-investigated the site to better understand the construction phases.

Deir el-Medina is very well preserved, being out in the desert and built of stone rubble as well as mud brick. It is in a small valley surrounded by hills and, like the North Village, it was surrounded by an enclosure wall.

Deir el-Medina appears to have been founded in the early Eighteenth Dynasty and continued to function until the end of the Ramesside Period – about 500 years. This is far longer than the few decades that North Village at Malqata was inhabited. The community at Deir el-Median grew over time and ultimately had about sixty-eight houses. The sizes and plans of the houses varied, but all were fairly small, like the North Village structures. The house walls were made of mud brick, built on top of stone rubble foundations and covered with mud plaster, which was white washed or painted in colors. A typical house had four to five rooms: an entrance, a main room, two smaller rooms, a kitchen with a cellar below, and a staircase leading to the roof. The house reamined cool in the summer and warm in the winter by placing the windows high up on the walls. There were also household shrines consisting of a mud brick platform with a small flight of steps. The houses were grouped along a main road that led through the village, and led to some side streets as well. The plan of the town changed as the population grew over time.
The tombs built by the workmen for themselves had small rock-cut chapels and burial chambers and were capped by small mud brick pyramids.
The workers could walk over the hills to the Valley of the Kings. They seem to have had a pretty god life and when they were not paid on time, they went on strike!


maandag 1 maart 2010

Enorm beeld van farao ontdekt in Egypte

            Archeologen hebben een enorm rood granieten hoofd van een van Egypte’s meest bekende farao’s opgegraven. Dat heeft de Egyptische hoge raad van de Oudheid zondag gezegd.
Het hoofd van Amenhotep III, ongeveer zo groot als een persoon, werd ontdekt in de ruïnes van een tempel in de zuidelijke stad Luxor. Volgens de leider van de expeditie, Hourig Sourouzian, is het het meest gave beeld van het gezicht van Amenhotep III.

'Bij andere beelden is vaak iets gebroken: het puntje van de neus bijvoorbeeld. Maar dit beeld is, van de kruin tot de kin, zo mooi gebeeldhouwd, er is niets gebroken', zegt Sourouzian. Amenhotep III, die bijna 3.400 jaar geleden regeerde, was de grootvader van de bekende farao Toetanchamon.